THE TEAM: Only four (4) players allowed on the field at any one time. There must be a minimum of one (1) members of either sex on the field at all times for the mixed Competition. Scissors, Paper, Rock will determine first service or choice of court side. Teams will swap sides after each set.

WINNING TEAM: The winner is the team with the greater number of points at the end of the game. A draw will be awarded if both teams have an equal amount of sets.. For the competition ladder, the winning team receives 3 points, 1 point each for drawn game and no points for a loss.

DURATION OF THE GAME: In Volleyball we play x3 sets which normally end after about 40 minutes

SUBSTITUTIONS: Unlimited substitutions are allowed as long as players are rotated into the serving position. Players must notify the staff when substitutions are happening.

COURT BOUNDARIES: The ball will be “out of bounds” when while crossing the net it hits the ceiling, back wall of opponent’s side or two walls consecutively on service, volley or block. Ceiling and back wall on own side is in bounds if own player touches it.


  • The ball is to be served after the umpire's whistle.
  • The ball may only be served over or under-arm.
  • One foot must be touching the back of the court
  • The ball may only contact the divider-net on the serve, but must make it over otherwise the point is lost.
  • Blocking, Spiking or attacking a serve is Illegal.
  • The ball must be hit cleanly with one hand or any part of the arm after being tossed or released and before it touches the ground.
  • The player will only have one attempt at a successful serve.
  • The serve may be hit from anywhere along the baseline
  • The serve may hit one (1) side wall on you or your opponents side.
  • The serve must not hit the back wall, otherwise the point is lost.

THE NUMBER OF HITS TO HIT THE BALL OVER THE NET: Each team is entitled to a maximum of three hits to return the ball over the net. A ball cannot contact below the waist. No kicking. A player may not contact the ball twice consecutively, unless the ball is deemed hard-driven by the umpire - i.e. in a block situation. On a block, if two opposing players touch the ball, the teams still has 3 hits.

BALL AT THE NET: When the ball is sent into the opponent's court it must pass over the net. While crossing the net, the ball may touch the net. A ball hit into the net may be retrieved and played over the net within the team's limit of three hits. If the ball is only partly across the net, and the opponent hits it, it is good. Touching the net is not allowed by players, unless the ball is driven into the net and the net hits the player.

BLOCKING: The opponent cannot block a serve.  If any part of the ball has crossed the vertical plane, a free ball is in effect and both teams are entitled to it. On a block, if two opposing players touch the ball, the teams still has 3 hits.

FREE BALL: The opponent cannot block the set. If any part of the ball has crossed the vertical plane, a free ball is in effect and both teams are entitled to it. A ball on the vertical plane above the net is open to both sides.


  • In the attack, the player must contact the ball before the ball has completely crossed over the net. I.e. it cannot just rebound back into the opponent’s court for the point without your team touching it.
  • When attacking, a ball cannot hit the back wall of your opponent’s side of the court. This is automatically out, and the point is lost.
  • A ball crossing below the net across the vertical plane can be played back by your side if it is not over (3) three hits.
  • A ball on the vertical plane above the net is open to both sides.
  • A Ball passing through the side openings of the net is replayed.
  • Contacting two or more walls is allowed only by the team in possession of the ball on their own side, provided a player on that team touches the ball first. The ball must also be touched by another player before going over on multiple wall hit.
  • Holding, pushing, scooping, lifting or carrying the ball is not allowed, it must be a clean hit.
  • Holding the ball at the top of the net by both sides is a replay.
  • If two players on the same team hit the ball simultaneously, it counts as one hit and either player can play the next hit.
  • No climbing or using the walls or players assisting each other to gain height at the net.
  • A ball can hit the back wall and go over the net directly (when being played by your side), but if two walls are touched, another player must touch it before going over the net.
  • If a ball spins across to the opponent’s side and back to yours on the 1st or 2nd hit, you can play your 2nd or 3rd hit. If it is on the 3rd hit that it spins back, loss of point or side out occurs.


  • When ball is on your own side of the net, all walls and ceiling are in, when playing to a team mate
  • When hitting over the net, hitting off one sidewall is OK, back wall is out, off ceiling or more than one side wall is out.

FAIRPLAY SYSTEM Each league night you will have an Event Host onsite, but these guys are not official referees. Urban Rec is a recreational league which practices a fair-play and fun-first policy, meaning you should be making your own calls on the game. The Event Host will be there to make the calls not made by individuals, keep time, and help guide the games within the game play rules. The Urban Rec Event Host has the final say on any issue that cannot be self-resolved.

SPORTSMANSHIP All Urban Rec participants have read and agreed to the Urban Rec Code of Conduct. We also exercise a strict Disciplinary Policy. If you are seen to be rude in any way or not playing within the respect of the rules and Code of Conduct, you will be asked by the Urban Rec Staff to sub out of the game. If after returning to the game your attitude does not improve you will be asked to leave the venue, and an assessment will be made if you can play again. We do not tolerate idiots. Play fair.

Note that the above details are generic Volleyball rules. The rules for each specific league may differ.